Groupe nominal

Adverbes

Verbes

La phrase

De la forme active à la forme passive

La forme passive met en position de sujet l'objet de l'action pour lui donner de l'importance.

Comme en français, la structure passive est formée de be conjugué + participe passé

Conjugaisons : Formes simples

 

ACTIF

PASSIF

Présent

I help

I am helped

Preterit

I helped

I was helped

Present perfect

I have helped

I have been helped

Past perfect

I had helped

I had been helped

Conjugaisons : Formes progressives

 

ACTIF

PASSIF

Présent

I am helping

I am being helped

Preterit

I was helping

I was being helped

Present perfect

I have been helping

IMPOSSIBLE

Past perfect

I had been helping

IMPOSSIBLE

Modaux

RAPPEL : immédiatemment après un modal, on ne peut avoir qu'une base verbale

 

ACTIF

PASSIF

Must (présent)

I must help

I must be helped

Must (passé)

I must have helped

I must have been helped

Must (progressif présent)

I must be helping

IMPOSSIBLE

Must (progressif passé)

I must have been helped

IMPOSSIBLE

 

Exercices en ligne

passive1 - passive 2 - passive 3 - passive 4 - passive 5


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