Groupe nominal

Adverbes

Verbes

La phrase

Formes en -ing

Valeur
Exemple
forme progresssive

She was cleaning the windows

participe présent

Cleaning the windows, she noticed a broken pane

gérondif

She started cleaning the windows

nom verbal

The cleaning of the windows took her one hour

Forme progressive : be + BV-ing

Participe présent :

exprimant le temps

Getting out of the house, he saw it was raining hard

exprimant la cause

Not being a specialist, he daren't make a diagnosis

employé comme adjectif

It was surprising, it was a surprising event

Gérondif :

Sujet du verbe principal

Fastening your seatbelt is compulsory

Après certains verbes

 

verbes exprimant les goûts

verbes exprimant des étapes d'une action

autres verbes

gérondif obligatoire

mind, can't help, enjoy, be fond of, be keen on, resent, etc.

go on, carry on, keep (on), stop

give up, be used to, look forward to, apologize for, think of, reproach for, blame for

gérondif courant

can't bear, can't stand

begin, start, cease, finish, continue

recommend

gérondif modifiant le sens du verbe

hate, like, love, prefer (goût constant, valeur générale)

 

mean, try remember, want, need

Après certaines expressions

How about/ what about coming over for the weekend?

What's the use of telling him over and over again?

It's no use shouting, I can hear you.

There's no point in leaving so early.

This programme was worth watching

I don't mind waiting up for you.

Après toutes les prépositions sauf 'to' (sens de but), 'except' et 'but' (= sauf) qui sont toujours suivis de l'infinitif

ex : thank you for coming. Brush your teeth after eating.

Nom Verbal : a la stucture d'un groupe nominal

ex/ I don't like the ringing of that telephone

This floor needs a good scrubbing

 


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